Interim results of projects implemented within the framework of REC

Belgorod State University hosted a meeting of the governing board of the World-class Scientific and Educational Center "Innovative Solutions in the Agro-Industrial Complex" under the leadership of the Senator of the Russian Federation, Chairman of the REC Board Evgeny Savchenko. The working meeting was attended by the rector of BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov, professor Sergei Glagolev. The meeting was attended by representatives of enterprises, research centers, regional administrations and heads of universities in the Belgorod region. During the meeting, projects were considered that meet the main task of the REC - the development of innovative technologies in the field of agriculture.
Yevgeny Savchenko, Chairman of the Governing Council of the REC “Innovative Solutions in the Agro-Industrial Complex”, noted that the work of the Scientific and Educational Center during 2021 deserves a high assessment. BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov and the university's industrial partners presented 6 projects in different directions, implemented within the REC - from organic waste processing to a robotic biobank system. One of the most interesting projects, which has already passed the stage of industrial testing, is being implemented by our university together with an industrial partner - Agroacademy LLC. This is the project “Creation of high-tech large-scale production of animal protein from fly larvae”. Project manager, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor Svetlana Sverguzova. At the meeting in the video-conference mode, the project was presented by Valentin Lebedev, Director of LimKorm LLC. To date, a high-tech process for the production of animal protein and lipid concentrate from the larvae of the "Black Lioness" fly has already been developed, an experimental industrial regulation for the production of animal protein and lipid concentrate from fly larvae, a program for the experimental operation of the obtained animal protein and lipid concentrate, and a TP acceptance test procedure, and Also, a pilot launch of the technological line for the production of animal protein and lipid concentrate was carried out, preliminary tests of the technological process were carried out. Also, in the video-conference mode, the project "Development of an intelligent robotic biobank system for storing and transporting biological material" was presented. Industrial partner of the project BINAM LLC. The project leader, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor Larisa Rybak told about the results of the project: “At the first stage of the project, a database of actual storage conditions for biological samples was formed, including temperature conditions, storage duration and data on biobanking subjects (including anthropometric data, anamnestic data and data from clinical studies of health status).
An algorithm for the technological process of biobanking has been developed, including the preanalytical process of preparing samples, transporting them, storing and unloading at the request of the operator. Methods for approximating the working area of ​​a robot with 4 degrees of freedom, based on the concept of uneven coverings, have been developed, and an algorithm has been synthesized for approximating the set of solutions, both systems of nonlinear equations and inequalities describing constraints on the parameters of the robot. On the basis of the required movements of the robot in accordance with the technological process of biobanking, the boundaries of the required working space were determined, which made it possible to determine the range of linear and angular displacements of the actuators, and, consequently, the geometric parameters of the PC as a whole. Kinematic and dynamic models of the RS have been developed based on the Euler-Lagrange equations, taking into account the characteristics of drives and sensors. " In the project of LLC "Stroitel", implemented jointly with BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov "Creation of an integrated technology for the processing of gypsum-containing waste from industrial enterprises" (project manager from the university, Ph.D., associate professor Natalya Alfimova) in 2021 the parameters (temperature, moisture content of raw materials) for the manufacture of gypsum binders from gypsum-containing waste were optimized, the possibility of using citrogypsum was established during composting of poultry waste, the processes of manufacturing and hardening of alkali-activated binders based on OEMK slag with the addition of gypsum-containing waste - citrogypsum have been studied and an electronic-digital model has been developed and draft documentation of a drying drum has been prepared for a line for processing gypsum-containing waste. Within the framework of the project "Development of technology for the production of light-scattering additives and texture (shagreen) for the production of polycarbonate light diffusers used in the field of crop production, animal husbandry and industrial lighting", implemented by LLC "Plasticglass" in conjunction with BSTU im. V.G. Shukhov (project manager from the university, Ph.D., associate professor Roman Lyubushkin), the technological parameters of the equipment were selected according to the method and sequence of adding the mixture components for compounding, mixing and modification of the developed light-scattering additive; selected light-scattering additives based on domestically produced acrylic and glass microspheres; the approbation of the operational and optical properties of the light diffusers was carried out; light-scattering additives are introduced into the polycarbonate binder; screening of functional additives for light-scattering composites based on polycarbonate of various chemical nature was carried out, the most promising ones for further research were proposed.
Three types of thermodynamically incompatible or limitedly compatible with the polymer matrix of compounds were considered: organic, polymers and copolymer particles, wax of various nature. Hard inorganic fillers, aluminum oxide, silicon dioxide, quartz, titanium dioxide, bentonites, barium sulfate, hydrophobic chalk. Hybrid fillers, organic-inorganic additives, which are globular polymer particles with a surface grafted with hydrophilic groups of inorganic nature. Of the three types of potential light-scattering additives, the most promising ones were selected, which will be studied in the next stage of research, compatibility with a polycarbonate matrix, the possibility of introducing by extrusion and their functional properties. Within the framework of the project "Industrial complex for deep processing of vegetable oils based on innovative technology of controlled organic synthesis", implemented by LLC Yamshchik (project manager from the university, Ph.D., associate professor Valentina Poluektova), a comprehensive analysis of the technological scheme for obtaining alkyd resins used in the chemical and paint and varnish industry, the main stages of the technological process of obtaining alkyd resins, as well as the analysis of the main technological equipment and the technical parameters of the complex are determined. The main technological equipment for the synthesis of alkyd resins is a reactor in which the main chemical processes take place. A digital design of the reactor was carried out, during which an electronic-digital model of the equipment was developed, an engineering analysis was carried out, and sketch design documentation was developed, as well as an improved technology for producing alkyd resins was developed. It is also planned to develop recommendations for the design of equipment for the production of alkyd resins. At the moment, the final design is being coordinated with the Yamshchik LLC enterprise. In accordance with the plan, in 2021, under the project "Resource-energy-saving innovative technology for the integrated processing of MSW of the full technological cycle of waste management, with the receipt of various types of commercial products and electrical energy" theoretical, experimental studies, modeling on the created bench installations of technological processes for processing polymer and basalt fibrous waste to obtain composite mixtures and products from them at the production site of LLC "TK" Ekotrans ". From BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov, the project is supervised by the head. Department of Technological Complexes, Machines and Mechanisms, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor Vladimir Sevostyanov. In the reporting year, they were developed, at the level of patent-protected designs (patents No. 2744225, No. 2748629) technological modules and devices for industrialized low-temperature thermolysis technology (without oxygen, T≤500⁰С) processing of organic waste. Pilot tests of the technological line for the processing of organic waste (polymer, plastic, wood, rubber, etc.) were carried out with the preparation of the corresponding industrial test certificates. At the Center for High Technologies of BSTU named after V.G. Shukhov carried out comprehensive studies of the physicomechanical, rheological characteristics and physicochemical properties of high-calorie products of thermolysis technology (carbon black: yield - 44%, calorific value - up to 6500 kcal / kg; liquid hydrocarbon fuel: yield - 54%, calorific value - up to 10500 kcal / kg, synthetic hydrocarbon gas: yield - up to 2%, calorific value - up to 3600 kcal / kg).
As part of the project, two applications for international patents were filed (Eurasian Patent Organization). Two applications for inventions of devices for processing organic and mineral MSW were prepared in 2021 within the framework of the established REC laboratory and submitted to the Patent Department.
At the end of the meeting, Evgeny Savchenko drew the attention of his colleagues to the need to expand the portfolio of projects to maximize the use of the resource of all participants in the REC “Innovative Solutions in the Agro-Industrial Complex”, first of all, NRU “BelSU”, BSTU named after  V.G. Shukhov and BelSAU named after V.Ya. Gorin and agricultural holdings. Thank you for the materials and photographs provided by the press service of the National Research University "BelSU"
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